CHON-JI (19 moves):
Chon-Ji means literally, "Heaven and Earth". In the
Orient it is interpreted as the creation of the
world or the beginning of human history; therefore,
it is the initial pattern played by the beginner.
This pattern consists of two similar parts, one to
represent Heaven and the other the Earth.
DAN-GUN (21 moves):
Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, legendary
founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.
DO-SAN (24 moves):
Do-san is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Ch'Ang-Ho
(1876-1938), who devoted his entire life to
furthering the education and independence of the
WON-HYO (28 moves):
Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism
to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.
Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the great
philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584A.D.) Yul-Gok
was nicknamed the "Confucious of Korea". The 38 moves
refer to his birthplace on the 38th latitude and the
diagram (+) represents "scholar".
moves): Joong-Gun is named after the
patriot An Chung Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito,
the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea and
known as the man who played the leading part in the
Korea-Japan merger. The 32 moves refer to Mr. An's
age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison in
TOI-GYE (37 moves):
Toi-Gye is the penname of the noted
scholar Yi Hwang, who lived in the 16th century A.D.
and was an authority on Neo-Confucionism. The 37
moves refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude
and the diagram (+) represents "scholar".
moves): Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang
youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty
about 1350 years ago. This group became the driving
force for the unification of the three kingdoms (Silla,
Baek-Chae and Koguryo) of Korea. The 29 movements
refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where
Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
moves): Choong-Moo was the name given to
the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He
was reputed to have invented the first armoured
battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be
the precursor of the present day submarine. The
reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack
is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no
chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked
by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the
moves): Kwang-Gae Is named after the
famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the
Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost
territories including the greater part of Manchuria.
The diagram (+) represents the expansion and
recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer
to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he
came to the throne.
PO-EUN (36 moves):
Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong
Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem
"I would not serve a second master though I might be
crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean.
He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The
diagram ( - ) represents his unerring loyalty to the
king and country towards the end of the Koryo
GE-BAEK (44 moves):
Ge-Bak is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in
the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram ( I )
represents his severe and strict military
EU I-AM (45 moves):
Eu I-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi,
leader of the Korean independence movement on
March1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when
he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture)
to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The
diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit,
displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity
of his nation.
moves): Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given
to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee
Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a
left- hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his
death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach
JUCHE (45 moves):
Juche is a philosophical idea that man is the master
of everything and decides everything, in other
words, the idea that man is the master of the world
and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was
rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the
spirit of the Korean people. The diagram (&)
represents Baekdu Mountain.
SAM-IL (33 moves):
Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the
independence movement of Korea which began
throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33
movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots
who planned the movement.
YOO-SIN (68 moves):
Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a
commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68
movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.
D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture
signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than
left side, symbolizing Yoo Sinís mistake of
following his kingís orders to fight with foreign
forces against his own nation.
moves): Choi-Yong is named after General
Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the
Armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty.
Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty,
patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his
subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae,
who later become the first king of the Lee Dynasty.
YON-GAE (49 moves):
Yon-Gae is named after a famous general during the
Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements
refer to the last two figures of 649 A. D., the Year
he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after
destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi
UL- JI (42 moves):
Ul-Ji is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who
successfully defended Korea against a Tangís
invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by
Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run
guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large
percentage of the force. The diagram ( L) represents
his surname. The 42 movements represents the
authorís age when he designed the pattern .
moves): Moon-Moo honors the 30th king of
the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang
Am (Great Kingís Rock). According to his will, the
body was placed in the sea "Where my soul shall
forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is
said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to
guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of
the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements
in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of
661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.
SO-SAN (72 moves):
So-san is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong
Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee Dynasty. The 72
movements refer to his age when he organized a corps
of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa
Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the
Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean
peninsula in 1592.
SE-JONG (24 moves):
Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean king, Se-Jong,
who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was
also a noted meteorologist. The diagram (Z)
represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to
the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.
TONG-IL (56 moves):
Tong-Il denotes the resolution of the unification of
Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram
(I) symbolizes the homogenous race.